Xia Dynasty夏朝

1.The dynasties of Xia, Shang and Western Zhou are also called" Three Dynasties". It is generally believed that they were slave society.
夏、商、西周又称“三代”,它们的社会性质一般被认为是奴隶制社会。
2.The Xia dynasty was the earliest slave society in the Chinese history,which was founded around the 21st century B. C. and replaced by the Shang Dynasty in the 16th century B. C.
夏是中国历史上最早的奴隶制国家,大约形成于公元前21世纪,在公元前16世纪被商所取代。
3.Yu and his son Qi established the first dynasty in Chinese history the Xia.
禹和他的儿子启建立的是中国历史上第一个王朝—夏。
4.The center of Xia was the western section of modem Henan Province and the southern section of modem Shanxi Province with a sphere of influence that reached the northern and southern areas of the Yellow River. It was in this period that the slave society began to appear.
夏王朝的中心地区,在今河南省西部和山西南部一带,其势力和影响已达到黄河南北,并开始进人奴隶社会。
5.The Xia Dynasty was overthrown切Shang. The Western Zhou (1046-771 B. C.)Dynasty saw further development of slave society.
继夏而兴起的商、西周进一步发展了奴隶制度。
6.It lasted nearly 500 years from the 21st to the 17th century BC, ruled by 17 consecutive kings.
夏朝从公元前21世纪到公元前17世纪,延续了近500年,先后有17位君主。新浪微博:金嘴巴英语
7.Under occurred several times at the beginning. For most part of the remaining period,the dynasty enjoyed peace.
夏朝初期发生了几次动乱,此后一段时间日子还算太平。
8.It began its decline in the hands of the 14th king, Kongjia, who, instead of concentrating on state affairs, indulged in bizarre and strange habits. It is said that he even called up a dragon. The vassals began to rebel during this period.
夏朝第14个君主孔甲不务正业,沉迷于稀奇古怪的事物,据说还养过龙。夏的统治从他开始走向衰败。
9.The last king of Xia,Jie,was a ruthless ruler.
夏的最后一个君主桀非常残暴。
10.He vainly believed that his reign would last as long as the sun would shine.
他狂妄地相信自己的统治可以和太阳一样持久。
11.The finds at two sites of the Xia dynasty in western Henan since the 1950s proved the validity of Sima Qian's records of this dynasty preceding the Shang
20世纪50年代以来在河南西部发现了两个夏朝遗址,证实了司马迁对夏朝的记述是可靠的。