帖子主题: 用英语说中国文化:思想教育之儒家思想  

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发表于:2014-03-18 17:15:23
The Introduction of Confucius孔子简介
   Confucius was China's first educator. He taught students all his life,and put forward many important educational principles and effective teaching methods. He held that all men were educable, because by nature men were quite alike,and they were made different by learning and practice.This was in his day an epoch-making view, because it meant that not only the nobles,but people of all other classes, were entitled to receive education. His teaching methods included the eliciting method,giving instructions according to students' peculiarities, and combining theory with reality and practice. To deepen his students' understanding,he discussed with them real people and events of earlier times and his day,expressing his own
views, making analys, pointing out their strengths and weaknesses,and urging his students to weigh and decide issues. It was regrettable that the master was not free from prejudices against women and never accepted a female student.

Mencius' Theory孟子的思想理论
   As a philosopher, Mencius' main doctrine is the Goodness of human nature.He advocated“Nourishing the moving force",and put forth the idea of“Heaven and man combine into one.”Compare with Confucius, in the viewpoint of human nature,Mencius took a big step forward. Mencius declared definitely that human nature is“originally good".Moreover, he built his entire philosophy on this tenet,and presented a series of concepts:(l)Man possesses the innate knowledge of the good and "innate ability" to do good; (2) If one "develops his mind to the utmost",he can "serve heaven" and“fulfill his destiny";(3)Evil is not inborn but due to man's own failures and his inability to avoid evil external influences;(4) Serious efforts must be made to recover men's original nature; (5)The end
of learning is none other than to "seek for the lost mind".

Benevolence and Courtesy“仁”和“礼”
   Confucianism advocates benevolence and courtesy among people. It helped to shape the value of sacrificing one's personal interests for the good of others and the collective among Chinese people. It was also credited with creating the social order in China's feudal times, which asked the young to respect the old and the female to obey the orders of the male.Popular remarks of Confucius include“a benevolent person is one who cares for others",“I would die to keep my integrity and benevolence",and "a benevolent person helps others to achieve aims he himself also aspires to".

Confucius' Influence孔子的影响
   Confucius is the most famous sage of China. More than any other single man,he, through his followers, produced the principle basis of the Chinese tradition of ethics and political theory that had thus deeply influenced Chinese society and culture. Over the centuries,this influence spread also to Korea, Japan and other countries. Confucianism is wholly considered more of an ethical philosophy than a religion. However, it is debatable if the system founded by Confucius should be called a religion. It prescribes a great deal of ritual,but little of this can be interpreted as worship or meditation in a formal sense; and Confucius occasionally made statements about the existence of other-worldly beings that sound agnostic to western ears.

Confucius at Present现今的孔学
   Today, in China and many other countries, the study of Confucianism is rapidly growing. It is generally agreed that the essence or many elements of Confucianism are still valid and valuable, worthy to be adopted and promoted. It is an antidote to many social ills and a spiritual force that may help to improve human qualities and push society forward. Some scholars have predicted that in the next century Confucius' though will exert greater influence on mankind and become more glorious than ever before.


               孔子简介

   孔子(公元前551-479年),名丘,字仲尼,鲁国瞰邑(现山东省曲阜)人,中国古代伟大的思想家、政治家、教育家。
   孔子毕生从事教育,是中国历史上第一个开创私人讲学之风的人,并以此打破了学在官府的局面。据《史记》记载,孔子有弟子三千,贤人七十二。(论语)一书(共20篇)作为孔子言行的记录,在相当程度上反映了孔子的为人及其主要思想。英语学习爱好者可以关注微信:jzbedu   新浪微博:金嘴巴英语
   孔子的学说不仅在中国,而且在世界其他国家和地区,尤其是美国,日本、朝鲜、新加坡、越南颇具影响,被推崇为东方文明的象征。
 
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发表于:2014-03-20 08:49:11
中国自己的文化一定要学的精才行

非原创,我只是帖子的搬运工
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发表于:2014-03-26 08:12:51
这个好啊,中国文化这么热,没准考试可以用到~
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