Individual Sports 体育项目
gymnastics     体操
gymnastic apparatus 体操器械
horizontal bar   单杠
parallel bars    双杠
rings        吊环
trapeze       秋千
wall bars      肋木
side horse, pommelled horse 鞍马
weight-lifting   举重
weights       重量级
boxing       拳击
Greece-Roman wrestling 古典式摔跤
hold, lock     揪钮
judo        柔道
fencing       击剑
winter sports    冬季运动
skiing       滑雪
ski         滑雪板
downhill race    速降滑雪赛,滑降
slalom       障碍滑雪
ski jumping competition 跳高滑雪比赛
ski jump      跳高滑雪
ice skating     滑冰
figure skating   花样滑冰
roller skating   滑旱冰
bobsleigh, bobsled 雪橇
Athletics 竞技
race         跑
middle-distance race 中长跑
long-distance runner 长跑运动员
sprint        短跑 (美作:dash)
the 400 metre hurdles 400米栏
marathon       马拉松
decathlon      十项
cross-country race  越野跑
jump         跳跃
jumping       跳跃运动
high jump      跳高
long jump      跳远 (美作:broad jump)
triple jump,hop step and jump 三级跳
pole vault      撑竿跳
throw        投掷
throwing       投掷运动
putting the shot,shot put 推铅球
throwing the discus 掷铁饼
throwing the hammer 掷链锤
throwing the javelin 掷标枪
walk         竞走

swimming   游泳
medley relay 混合泳
crawl     爬泳
breaststroke 蛙式
backstroke  仰式
freestyle   自由式
butterfly (stroke) 蝶泳
diving competition 跳水
water polo  水球
water skiing 水橇
rowing    划船
canoe     划艇
boat race   赛艇
yacht     游艇
kayak     皮船
sailing    帆船运动
velodrome, cycling stadium 自行车赛车场
road race 公路赛
race    计时赛
chase   追逐赛
motorcycle, motorbike 摩托车
racing car 赛车
racing driver 赛车驾驶员
rally   汽车拉力赛
football  足球
rugby   橄榄球
basketball 篮球
volleyball 排球
tennis   网球
baseball  垒球
handball  手球
hockey   曲棍球
golf    高尔夫球
cricket  板球
ice hockey 冰球