帖子主题: 学位英语:形容词和副词在单项填空中的考点归纳  

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发表于:2009-06-07 11:49:06

  一、考查形容词和副词的基本用法

  形容词在句中一般作定语、表语、补语,而副词在句中主要作状语。如:

  (1)Tom sounds very much ______ in the job, but I'm not sure whether he can manage it.
     A. interested   B. interesting
     C. interestingly  D. interestedly
  解析:句中sounds意为"听起来",是系动词,后接表语,要用形容词,排除C和D;又因表示"对……感兴趣",用interested.答案是A.

  (2)We don't care if a hunting dog smells ______, but we really don't want him to smell______.
     A. well; well  B. bad; badly 
     C. well; badly  D. badly; bad
  解析:句意是:"我们不在乎猎狗闻
  起来难闻,但是我们确实不希望它的嗅觉力差。"前者smell是系动词,后接形容词,后者smell是行为动词,用副词来修饰;此外well作形容词是表示人身体好、气色好,用在此句中不行,只能作副词用。答案是B

  三、考查多个形容词作定语的排序

  多个形容词修饰名词时,其排序规律是:(限定词+程度副词+)
  描绘+大小(长短、高低)+形状+年龄(新旧)+颜色+国籍或产地+物质材料+类别或用途+名词。如:

  (5) John Smith, a successful businessman, has a ______car.
     A. large German white B. large white German
     C. white large German D. German large white
  解析:large是"大小",German是"产地",white是"颜色";其排列顺序应当是"大小+颜色+产地".故选B.

  (6)______ students are required to take part in the boat race.
     A. Ten strong young Chinese B. Ten Chinese strong young
     C. Chinese ten young strong D. Young strong ten Chinese
  解析:根据"限定词+形容词+名词",数词属于限定词,选出A和B来;再根据"描绘(strong)+大小(young)+国籍(Chinese)",所以选A.

  四、考查副词在句中的位置规律

  副词修饰形容词或其它副词时,一般位于被修饰词的前面,但enough却要放在被修饰的形容词或副词的后面。如:

  (7)Although she did not know Boston well, she made her way ______ to the Home Cirele Building.
    A. easy enough B. enough easy
    C. easily enough D. enough easily
  解析:因make one's way to是固定词组,意为"前往",修饰动词made要用副词,排除选项A和B;副词enough修饰形容词或副词,要放在后面,排除D.答案是C.

  (8) If I had ______, I'd visit Europe, stopping at the small interesting places.
     A. a long enough holiday B. an enough long holiday
     C. a holiday enough long D. a long holiday enough
  解析:形容词long要放所修饰的名词holiday前;副词enough要放在所修饰的long之后,故选A.

  六、考查两种不同形式的副词的用法差异

  即考查与形容词同形的副词与形容词后加ly构成的副词的区别。如:

  (11)It was raining heavily. Little Mary felt cold, so she stood ______to her mother.
     A. close B. closely
     C. closed D. closing
  解析:因紧靠母亲站着,是指实际距离近,用与形容词同形的副词close,故选A.选项C的closely一般指抽象意义,如listen closely(仔细听)。

  七、考查形容词和副词的比较等级

  1. as+形容词/副词原级+as

  (12)A typhoon swept across tiffs area with heavy rains and winds _____ strong as 113 miles per hour.
     A. too B. very
     C. so D. as
  解析:as…as固定搭配。答案是D.

  (13)John is the tallest boy in the class, ________ according to himself.
     A. five foot eight as tall as B. as tall as five foot eight
     C. as five foot eight tall as D. as tall five foot eight as
  解析:as tall as five foot eight = as tall as five feet eight inches高达五英尺八英寸。答案是B.

  (14)John plays football________, if not better than, David.
     A. as well B. as well as
     C. so well D. so well as
  解析:句意是:"John踢足球不比David更好,也会和他一样好。"从结构上看,去掉插入语if not better than,就更清楚地知道用as well as,肯定句中不用so…as.答案是B.

  2. not as/so+原级+as

  (15) He speaks English well indeed, but of course not ______a native speaker.
     A. as fluent as B. more fluent than
     C. so fluently as D. much fluently than
  解析:修饰动词speaks要用副词,排除A和B;又因than前必须是比较级,排除D;只有选项C正确。

  (16)-Do you have a big library?"
     -No, we don't─at least, not ________yours.
     A. bigger as B. as big as
     C. as big than D. as bigger than
  解析:由语境可知,是要表达"至少没有你们的图书馆那么大",表示"不如"是"not as+原级+as".答案是B.

  3. as +形容词+(a/an+)名词+as

  (17)Our neighbour has ______ ours.
     A. as a big house as B. as big a house as
     C. the same big house as D. a house the same big as
  解析:由句式结构判断,选B.

  (18)It is generally believed that teaching is ________it is a science.
     A. an art much as B. much an art as 
     C. as an art much as D. as much an art as
  解析:由固定搭配"as+形容词+[(a/an+)名词]+as"可排除选项A,B和C.答案是D.

  4. 比较级,A or B?

  (18)Which do you think tastes________, the chicken or the fish?
     A. well B. good C. better D. best
  解析:两者之间比较,要用比较级。答案是C.

  (24)Although Linda tried hard in the exam, she did ______ than her brother.
     A. more badly B. much better
     C. much badly D. much worse
  解析:由than可知用比较级,排除选项C;badly的比较级是worse,而不是在前面加more,排除选项A;由although(虽然……但是……)可知,她比她兄弟考得差,排除选项B.答案是D.

  (25)This year they have produced ________grain ________they did last year.
     A. as less; as B. as few; as 
     C. less; than D. fewer; than
  解析:因as…as之间要用原级,排除A;又因grain是不可数名词,而few是要放在复数可数名词前的,排除B和D.答案是C.

  6. 隐含式比较级

  有时省略或不点明被比较的对象,而是通过语境来暗示被比较的对象。

  (26)I wish you'd do ______ talking and some more work. Thus things will become better.
     A. a bit less B. any less
     C. much more D. a little more
  解析:由more work和后面一句可知前面是less talking,排除C和D;这是肯定句,修饰比较级不用any,用a bit与some相对应。答案是A.

  (27)I don't think this film is by far the most boring. I have seen______ .
     A. better B. worse
     C. the best D. the worst
  解析:由前文"我认为这部电影不是最没趣的"可知,"我看过(比这部)更差的电影",省略了than this one.答案是B.

  (28)That doesn't sound very frightening. Paul, I've seen _____. What did you like most about the film?
     A. better B. worse
     C. best D. worst
  解析:由前句"这听起来并不十分令人恐惧"可知,说话人曾见过比这个更令人恐惧的事,所以用比较级worse.答案是B.

  (29)John did badly in the sports meet. I did even______.
     A. worst B. more bad
     C. also badly D. worse
  解析:后面省略了than he did,意为"我比他更差".答案是D.

  (30) ―Is your headache getting _____?
      ―No, it's worse.
     A. better B. bad
     C. less D. well
  解析:由答语No, it's worse.可知问句中用better,省略了than before.答案是A.

  外语教育网成人英语三级辅导名师赵文通原创。

 
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发表于:2009-06-09 15:08:05
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学位英语:形容词和副词在单项填空中的考点归纳


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