A study was done with 30 three-year-old children and their parents. Half of the children participated in the experimental study; the other half acted as the control group. In the experimental group, the parents were given a two-hour training session in which they were taught to ask open-ended questions rather than yes-or-no questions. For example, the parent should ask, “What is the doggie doing?” rather than “Is the doggie running away?” The parents in the experimental group were also instructed in how to help children find answers, how to suggest alternative possibilities and how to praise correct answers.
The difference between the control group and the experimental group was __________.
A. the training that parents received
B. the age of the children
C. tile books that were read
D. the number of the children
【答案】A。根据试题中的关键词control group and the experimental group，找到文章中与本题相关的句子。仔细阅读后可知，学生们被分为两组：实验组和对照组，实验组中父母要受到两个小时的培训。所以两组的区别就在于其父母接受的培训不同。因此选项A是正确答案。
If you look at children, you'll see great difference between what we call "bright" children and "not-bright" children. They are actually two different kinds of people, not just the same kind with different amount of intelligence. For example, the bright child really wants to find out about life,─ he tries to get in touch with everything around him. But, the unintelligent child keeps more to himself and his own dream-world; he seems to have a wall between him and life in general.
Bright children and not-bright children___________.
A. are two different types of children
B. are different mainly in their degree of cleverness
C. have difference only in their way of thinking
D. have different knowledge about the world
【答案】A。根据试题中的关键词Bright children and not-bright children确定试题在文章的位置，以及与本题相关的句子。仔细阅读后可知，聪明孩子和不太聪明的孩子实际上是两类不同的人，而并不是聪明程度不同的同一类人。故A与原文表述一致，B与原文相反。正确答案中的type是原文中的单词kind的改写。
When we talk about intelligence, we do not mean the ability to get good scores on certain kinds of tests or even the ability to do well in school. By intelligence we mean a way of living and behaving, especially in a new or upsetting situation. If we want to test intelligence, we need to find out how a person acts instead of how much he knows what to do.
According to this passage, intelligence is_____.
A. the ability to study well
B. the ability to do well in school
C. the ability to deal with life
D. the ability to get high scores on some tests