帖子主题: 倒计时名师语音解析-2017年学位英语阅读冲刺:阅读理解细节题的做题方法 【第三期】  

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发表于:Mon Apr 17 10:46:51 CST 2017
  时间飞逝,相信很多考生们都有一种感觉,明明刚刚才结束清明小长假,却一眨眼就十天冲刺倒计时了!(我的内心是拒绝的)然而,自己选择的路,跪着也要走完……

  在最后十天里,Kevin老师将为大家每天推送语法冲刺答题技巧和阅读理解各类题型答题技巧,并附有老师每日语音教学,想拿高分的考生们快来跟随老师一起冲刺吧!

  (十天冲刺倒计时适用于如河北、河南、湖南、广东、天津、四川、云南、重庆、新疆、吉林、江西等将于2017年4月23日考试的地区)

  今日话题:阅读理解细节题的答题技巧,快来跟随赵文通老师一起边听边学吧!

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  阅读理解细节题的做题方法>>>

细节题的做题方法我们称之为还原定位法,即把试题准确地在原文中进行定位,找到答案所在的句子。这种方法的运用有三个步骤:

还原定位法
① 先看试题,后读原文。
这样做既节省了时间,又提高了做题的效率和准确度。
② 对试题在原文中的位置进行模糊定位。
因为试题的出题顺序和文章的叙述顺序存在高度的一致性。
③ 对试题在原文中的位置进行准确定位。
对试题在原文中的位置进行准确定位的前提是抓住试题中的标志词和关键词。

标志词>>>
标志词
l 专有名词,是指表示人名、地名和组织机构等的名词,这样的名词在文章中一般都要大写;
l 表示时间或年代的词;
l 专业词汇,这样的词汇一般都是比较难懂,一般是我们不认识的词汇。

关键词>>>
指表达试题内容的中心词,一般是试题中的名词和名词词组。

练习题
例1
A study was done with 30 three-year-old children and their parents. Half of the children participated in the experimental study; the other half acted as the control group. In the experimental group, the parents were given a two-hour training session in which they were taught to ask open-ended questions rather than yes-or-no questions. For example, the parent should ask, “What is the doggie doing?” rather than “Is the doggie running away?” The parents in the experimental group were also instructed in how to help children find answers, how to suggest alternative possibilities and how to praise correct answers.
Question:
The difference between the control group and the experimental group was __________.
A. the training that parents received
B. the age of the children
C. tile books that were read
D. the number of the children
【答案】A。根据试题中的关键词control group and the experimental group,找到文章中与本题相关的句子。仔细阅读后可知,学生们被分为两组:实验组和对照组,实验组中父母要受到两个小时的培训。所以两组的区别就在于其父母接受的培训不同。因此选项A是正确答案。

例2
If you look at children, you'll see great difference between what we call "bright" children and "not-bright" children. They are actually two different kinds of people, not just the same kind with different amount of intelligence. For example, the bright child really wants to find out about life,─ he tries to get in touch with everything around him. But, the unintelligent child keeps more to himself and his own dream-world; he seems to have a wall between him and life in general.
Question:
Bright children and not-bright children___________.
A. are two different types of children
B. are different mainly in their degree of cleverness
C. have difference only in their way of thinking
D. have different knowledge about the world
【答案】A。根据试题中的关键词Bright children and not-bright children确定试题在文章的位置,以及与本题相关的句子。仔细阅读后可知,聪明孩子和不太聪明的孩子实际上是两类不同的人,而并不是聪明程度不同的同一类人。故A与原文表述一致,B与原文相反。正确答案中的type是原文中的单词kind的改写。

例3
When we talk about intelligence, we do not mean the ability to get good scores on certain kinds of tests or even the ability to do well in school. By intelligence we mean a way of living and behaving, especially in a new or upsetting situation. If we want to test intelligence, we need to find out how a person acts instead of how much he knows what to do.
Question:
According to this passage, intelligence is_____.
A. the ability to study well
B. the ability to do well in school
C. the ability to deal with life
D. the ability to get high scores on some tests
【答案】C。根据试题中的关键词intelligence,找到文章中和本题对应的句子,是在本段的第一句话和第二句话。通过对这两句话的归纳总结,选项C为正确答案。

 

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发表于:2017-04-19 11:17:15
还有几天就要考试了,冲刺阶段每天跟着老师一起学习感觉踏实很多,收获多多,老师棒棒哒!
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倒计时名师语音解析-2017年学位英语阅读冲刺:阅读理解细节题的做题方法 【第三期】


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