帖子主题: 学位英语考试写作辅导  

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发表于:2015-04-21 18:50:00
一、审题:认真审题,仔细构思(分段:三、四),草拟大纲
二、主题句(topic sentence):可出现在段首、段中或段末;但一般来说都是在段首。
三、主题句的关键词:关键词即段落中心,围绕关键词展开段落。若有多个关键词则要体现其关系。
四、举例、说明或分析,支持主题句。
五、段落句子之间过度自然、前后照应
六、启、承、转、合等词语:是用来表示句子与句子、段落与段落相互关系的词或词组。其有效运用:能使句子更为紧凑、段落更为连贯,逻辑更为严密。
Advertisement can be a service to people(主题句). First (firstly), it is informative, and can help people buy and sell goods. Second (secondly), it can widen peoples knowledge, and make people more experienced. Lastly (thirdly), people can enjoy themselves through those programs which advertisements have been put into.
Some advertisements, however(转), are not very useful to people, sometimes even harmful(主题句). An advertisement like this, for example(举例), may put thousands of women and girls into trouble. "Disillusioned with life, love, marriage? You need help. Phone me." And the Savior gives his phone number to his sheep.
In modern times, many advertisements are subjective rather than objective, persuasive rather than informative. The only purpose of these advertisements is to persuade people to buy their poorly made products. Therefore(合), it is wise for people to make sure the advertisements are telling the truth."
1. “启”常用词语:用来引导主题句或在主题句后面,引导展开句。
first, firstly, at first, first of all,
in the beginning, in the first place, to begin with, to start with,
now, at present, presently
lately, recently, currently
generally speaking, it goes without saying that,
2. “承”常用词语:用来承接主题句或第一个展开句。
second, secondly, third, thirdly,
at the same time , meanwhile, by this time, from now on,
for example, for instance, for this purpose,
besides, in addition (to), furthermore, what’s more, moreover
in the same manner, similarly, unlike
after, after a few days, after awhile,
certainly, of course
in fact, indeed
particularly, in particular
no doubt, obviously,
in other words, incidentally, also, so, soon, still then, truly, consequently, etc.
3. “转”常用词语:用来表示不同或相反语气
but, however, anyway, yet, otherwise, whereas
despite, in spite of, nevertheless, notwithstanding
luckily, fortunately, unfortunately
at the same time , by this time
after all(毕竟), all the same(仍然), especially, in particular
in other words, on the other hand
likewise , unlike
on the contrary , conversely
no doubt, perhaps
4. “合”常用词语:引导结尾句或最后一个推展句,表段落结束。
at last, finally, above all, at length, eventually
by and large(大体上,基本上), on the whole
in brief, briefly, in sum, in summary, to sum up, to summarize
thus, hence, therefore, consequently, accordingly
as a result, as a consequence
to speak frankly, as has been noted, as I have said, by doing so
 

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发表于:2015-04-23 08:24:00
首先是文章的结构,然后是用词用句,但最基础的是书写。

 
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