sell wash write read
The new type (of ) TV receiver sells well.
This book reads interesting.
The pen writes quite smoothly.
This (kind of) cloth washes very well.
This cloth is washed.（洗好了）
be born be married be obliged be hurt
be caught in the rain be covered with
I was caught in the rain on the way back.
The material feels very soft.
The music sounds too loud.
A. need want require be worth
Your coat wants mending ( to be mended).
B. Subj. + be + adj. + to do (vt.)
The chair is comfortable to sit on
★ be to blame （该受责备）
C. There be
There are six letters to write (to be written).
③ prove -vi. （被）证明是
He will prove (to be) the winner.
4、get + p. p.
She got caught in the rain.
From then on, her leg got treated four times a day.
5、（人）+ be + 情感动词-ed
be surprised (astonished, etc. ) at (with ….)
His words astonished everyone in the room.
→ Everyone was astonished at his words.
be delighted at (with); be pleased at (by, with );
be tired of (from); be satisfied with;
be worried about; be interested in;
be frightened ( terrified) at
很多动词既可以用vt. 又可以用vi, 但要注意：
The door opened ( by itself). The door was opened.
The village since we last visited it.
A. has changed B. has been changed (A)
The planned has been changed.
7、被动语态 + by (with) + 行为主体
He was killed by a falling stone
He was killed with a knife.
①be being done
② have been done
③ be going to be
The bridge is said to be being built.
The bridge is said to have been built.