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曾经无数人告诉我们要想快速掌握某一段落的主旨大意,就要抓住这个段落的topic sentence, 可是,小伙伴,面对数量众多的考试真题,模拟题,预测题,如何才能在众多单词和句子中找到我们渴望的topic sentence 呢?



下面,就通过几段简单易懂的段落内容给大家呈现出阅读段落中topic sentence 的分布情况。



“开门见山”式

所谓“开门见山”式,是指文章在开头的时候常常就开门见山,一针见血的点明想要表达的主要内容,然后再进行细节补充,这是英语表达的最大的特点之一。因此,段落的topic sentence往往分布在段落的首句。



借助这个特点,我们就可以通过抓住段落的首句来把握段落大意喽!大家可以看一下下文,体会一下这种开门见山式的表达。



I need to
prepare many items for an enjoyable mountain climbing. A bottle of water is
essential in case of thirsty. When I am cold, I need a sweater, too. Of course
foods and drinks are my favorite things. Finally I'm going to take an umbrella.




“言归正传”式

所谓 “言归正传”式,是指文章在开头并没有给出一个总揽段落的topic sentence 来引导脉络的展开,而是在开头的时候在渲染或铺垫一些其他细节的东西,在段落最后给出概括全文的总结。



这时即使前面那些细节的东西我们不是特别了解也没关系,重要的是紧紧抓住段落的尾句。下面是这类topic sentence 的情况:



As we all
know, we begin to live and study by ourselves in college. In addition, we can
also learn to be independent of our parents. It is in college that we, like
Newton, are searching for beautiful shells on the beach of knowledge.
Therefore, college life is an important stage so that we should cherish it and
make the most of it.




“重心转折”式

所谓“重心转折”式,就是段落在开头的时候,介绍某事物或人的一方面比如消极方面,而中间部分则通过however 之类的转折词,将段落的内容倾向扭转了,进而来说其他方面,比如积极方面。这时段落的重点则在后半部分了。大家可以看一下下面的段落哦。



Admittedly,
many parents, especially elder grandparents cannot catch up with the new era
under the fast-paced circumstance. They do not know how to use mobile phone,
computer and Ipad. However,they have precious life experience that is every useful for us. And
they have a deeper understanding of the society and life. We should learn from
our parents.




“全篇总结”式

所谓“全篇总结”式,就是指要想获得这个段落的主旨大意,我们不能通过一个比较明显或首句或尾句或中间转折来get 到topic
sentence, 从而抓住大意。也就是说,段落内没有明显的topic sentence。




这时就需要我们通过阅读全文,抓住文章写作的线索,总结出段落大意。这类文章常常属于记叙文,在考试中属于较难文章。大家可以看一下这类文章的结构。



I got up at
7 o 'clock this morning, and after breakfast I went to school. At
8:00am-9:30am, t took my first class, that is, English class which is my
favorite subject. Then I went to the library to see some books with my friends
until hunch time. In the afternoon, I took an examination.


根据整段总结出本段的大意是:one day in my life.



好了,通过上面几个简单的段落的展示不知道大家是否明白了?大家可以利用这些结构帮助我们阅读托福或雅思的文章,一定会大家有所帮助的!



方法都get了,可以挑战一下更难的复杂句咯