可以用不同的句式表达。如果句子清一色是简单句,文章必定很单调乏 味。如果全篇充满了冗长的复杂句,读起来也很费力。

  最好的方法是以简单句为基础,配合适当的并列 句和复杂句。简单句可长可短,通常要加些附属成分,如分词短语、介词短语、副词短语、不定式动词 短语,以及节缩成分。总之,作者可根据情况,使句子多样化,使文章灵活多姿。例如下列五个句子的基本概念一样,但 是句式不同,内容重点也有些差别:


 

 (1) the goats grazed peacefully in the farm and were unaware of the approaching hunter. (并列分句(1)+2)
  (2) grazing peacefully, the goats in the farm were unaware of the approaching hunter. (现在分语短语+简单句)

  (3) in the farm, the goats grazed peacefully and were unaware of the approaching hunter. (副词短语+并列分句(1)-(2) )

  (4) there were goats grazing peacefully in the farm, unaware of the approaching hunter. (简单句+形容语短语)

  (5) as the goats grazed peacefully in the farm, they were unaware of the approaching hunter. (原因副词从句+主句)

  (6) the young pilot was on his first overseas training.


  (7) he felt very uneasy.


  (a) the young pilot on his first overseas training fe