Directions:
Read the following texts in which five people wrote about being a vegetarian. For questions 61-65, match the name of each person (61-65) to one of the statements (A-G) given below. Mark youranswers on your ANSWER SHEET.
Laurie:
It is encouraging to see that, whether out of sympathy for animals or a concern for their own health or both, people are starting to realize that it does not pay to eat too far up on the food chain.
Meat need not be what is for dinner. Factory farming is barbaric and cruel. Every person who re-duces the use of animals in his life is performing a lifesaving act.
Jeff:
I am ready to be a vegetarian, but in our country, farmers, food producers, restaurants and su- permarkets are not prepared to support me. We all know that it is much easier and less expensive to get a hamburger at McDonald' s or Chinese takeout or a roast chicken from the supermarket than it is to take the time to shop for, assemble and cook a tasty, nutritious and fulfilling vegetarian meal.
Rod:
I've heard another term for vegetarians: beady-eyed vegetarians. They' 11 eat things with beady eyes ( fish, chicken) but not with big, sad eyes ( cows, lambs). A friend of mine explained it by saying he would eat only things he thought he could kill himself. He figures he can kill a fish but not a cow. That seems like a more honest and consistent rationale than some of the others I' ve heard.
Jerry:
As a moral vegetarian, I have found that there is great misunderstanding about vegetarian principles in our society. While some vegetarians keep off animals as a matter of health, we moral vegetarians don' t want other animals to live for us, nor do we want other animals to die for us, as they do for food, clothing and wasteful scientific research. All animals live for their own sake, not for mine.
Ellen:
Why do some people think that animals and human beings are the same? In my opinion, a hu-man life is worth a lot more than an animal' s. I think that we must stop thinking of meat eaters as killers. Vegetarians also kill vegetable life. Is there any difference? Eat vegetables and meat; both help you to be healthy and allow you to have all the nutrients your bodies need.
Now match the name of each person (61 to 65) to the appropriate statement.
Note: there are two extra statements.
Statements
61. Laurie
62. Jeff
63. Rod
64. Jerry
65. Ellen
A. All animals have the right to live for themselves.
B. Some vegetarians in fact eat small-sized animals.
C. Vegetarians need to do more to save animals'lives.
D. Some people have overstressed the rights of animals.
E. Vegetarians should be consistent in their eating habits.
F. How can I become a vegetarian without a favorable environment?
G. Eating less meat saves not only the life of animals but also that of your own.
下面这段文字是5个人对于成为素食主义者的不同观点。
劳里: 无论是出于对动物的同情还是对自己健康的关心,我们都很欣慰地看到人们开始意识到吃食物链上端的食物并没有什么好处。晚餐不一定需要肉。工厂化农场经营既野蛮又残忍。生活中每一个减少动物肉摄取的人都在做着拯救生命的事。
杰夫: 我准备做一名素食主义者,但是在我们国家,农民、食品生产商、饭店以及超市都不准备支持我。我们都知道在麦当劳或者中国的外卖店买一个汉堡,或从超市买一只烤鸡要比花时间去买菜、配菜以及做出一顿美味、营养、令人满意的素食餐更加方便和便宜。
罗德: 关于素食主义者我听说过另外一个术语:眼睛如珠的素食主义者。他们会吃一些眼睛如珠子般大小的动物(鱼、鸡),但是不吃长有很芯很悲伤眼睛的动物(牛、羊)。我的一个朋友解释说他只吃他认为自己能够杀死的动物。他认为他能杀死鱼而杀不死牛。这一理论似乎要比我曾经听过的其他理论更加诚实和一致。
杰里: 作为一名道德上的素食主义者,我发现人们对于我们社会中的素食主义原则有着极大的误解。虽然一些人由于健康原因不吃肉食,但是我们道德上的素食主义者既不想动物们为我们而活,也不想它们为我们而死。现实中有的动物活着就为了成为人们的食物、服装和科学试验品。所有的动物都应该为了自己而活,而不是为了我们。
艾伦:为什么有些人会认为动物和人类一样呢?在我看来,人的生命比动物的生命有价值得多。我认为我们不应该把肉食者看做杀戮者。素食主义者也杀死蔬菜的生命。这有什么不同呢?吃蔬菜和肉;两者都对你的健康有益,使你能够获取你的身体所需要的所有营养。
61.G【精析】主旨题。劳里认为无论是出于对动物的同情还是对自己健康的关心,我们很欣慰地看到人们开始意识到吃食物链上端的食物并没有什么好处。故选G.
62.F【精析】主旨题。杰夫认为在他们国家根本就没有适合素食主义者就餐的环境,吃肉反而又方便又便宜,即使很多人想做素食主义者,也难以办到。故选F.
63.B【精析】主旨题。罗德认为有些素食主义者只是不吃那些长有很大很悲伤眼睛的动物,他们实际上也吃一些很小的动物。故选B.
64.A【精析】细节题。杰里认为所有的动物都应该为了自己而活,而 不是为了我们。故选A.
65.D【精析】推断题。艾伦说人的生命比动物的生命有价值得多,人们不应该把肉食者看做杀戮者,素食主义者也杀死蔬菜的生命,这没什么不同。可推断出,艾伦认为那些素食主义者过分强调了动物的生命,故选D.