Camps have always reflected children's dreams and parents' fears. In the 1880s, many middle-class families worried that industrial society had broken off some tie to the frontier. Boys were growing soft: too much time with their mothers and teachers, not enough manly activity. So the early camps promised to take weakly boys out into camp life in the woods so that the pursuit of health could be combined with the practical knowledge.
Those first campers were wilderness tourists; today a wilderness is anyplace without band- width. Allowing cell phone contradicts the point of sleepaway——camp: if 19th century campers were meant to regain lost survival skills, 21st century campers need to work on their social skill. They are often missing some basic interactive instruments; fantastically digitally aware, they are less familiar with the ideas of sharing their space, their stuff or the attention of the adults around them. For kids who are allowed to text during dinner, who have their parents whenever they get in trouble or need a ride, a little self-government is probably long overdue.
Most camps require kids to leave their phones at home, which shows that the resistance often comes not from the kids but from parents. It' s known that parents pack off their children with two cell phones, so they can hand over one and still be able to slip away and call. Parents question camp directors about why they can' t reach their kids by phone. Some services let camps post news and pictures to help the families feel as if they are with the kids at camp. But that just invites inquiry about why Johnny looks sad or how Jenny' s jeans got torn.
Even as they yield in varying degrees to the demands of parents, camps endeavor to tell us our kids need a break from our eager interest and exhausting expectations. Camps talk about building independence, argue that having kids learn to solve their own problems and turn to peers and counselors for support is a key part of the experience. The implications are clear. They' re lighting campfires, hiding and seeking, doing things-that feel wonderfully improper if just because they involve getting dirtier than usual. Nothing to worry about, Mom.
56. The whole point of camp in the 19th century is to _______
A. acquire the lost survival skills
B. escape from industrial society
C. enjoy beautiful natural scenery
D. explore the woods in the frontier
57. For campers today, wilderness is where______
A. they cannot use cell phones
B. they can realize their dreams
C. they stay far away from home
D. they are trained to be stronger
58. According to the text, today' s kids are______
A. aware of governing themselves
B. skilled in social communication
C. good at using electronic devices
D. short of the attention from adults
59. After seeing the posted news and pictures of their kids at camp, parents would feel ______
A. curious
B. pleasant
C. relieved
D. worried
60. As stated in the last paragraph, camps suggest parents______
A. take back their kids' cell phones
B. leave their kids alone for a while
C. let their kids have a rest from study
D. call their kids only when necessary
参考译文
露营一直是孩子们梦想的事,却是父母们焦虑的事。l9世纪80年代,许多中产阶级家庭担心工业社会中断了与边远地区的联系。男孩们长大可能变得很女性化:他们有太多时间与妈妈、老师们待在一起,没有参加足够多适合男人的活动。因此,早期的露营目的是要把虚弱的男孩们带出家庭,进入到森林中去,使得他们对健康的追求能够与实践性知识相结合。
第一批露营者是荒野游客;今天的荒野是指任何没有信号的地方。允许带手机会与露营活动有矛盾:如果l9世纪露营者的目的是重新获取已经丢失的生存技巧,那么21世纪的露营者需要锻炼的是他们的社交技巧。他们经常缺乏一些基本的交流技巧;对于数字化有着很强的意识:不太懂得与别人分享空间、分享物品或者分享他们身边成年人的关注。对于那些获准在晚餐时发短信的孩子们以及无论何时有了麻烦或需要便车时。父母总是在身边的孩子们来说,自我管理的能力总是姗姗来迟。
大多数露营要求孩子们把电话留在家里,对于这种情况的抵制常常来自父母而不是来自孩子。我们知道父母们送孩子们去露营的时候总是给他们准备两部电话,这样他们可以上交一部,还能偷偷留下一部来打电话。父母们会质问露营指导者们为什么他们不能和孩子用电话联系。有些服务机构会让营地发一些消息和图片来让家人觉得他们好像也在营地里和孩子们在一起。但是这也会引发一些问题,比如:为什么约翰看起来很伤心或者詹妮的裤子怎么破了。虽然营地会在不同程度上屈从父母们的要求,他们仍然努力告诉我们:孩子们需要暂时脱离我们全身心的关怀和无尽的期待。露营会增强孩子们的独立性,孩子们学会自己解决问题以及求助同伴和指导老师都是这一经历的重要部分。这其中的含义很明显。他们生篝火,玩捉迷藏,做一些平时认为不适合做的脏兮兮的事。并没有什么好担心的,妈妈。
56.A【精析】细节题。根据第二段第二句可知,19世纪露营者的目的是重新获取已经丢失的生存技巧。故选A.
57.A【精析】细节题。根据第二段第一句可知,今天的荒野是指任何没有信号的地方。故选A.
58.C【精析】细节题。根据第二段第三句:他们缺乏一些基本的交流技巧;对于数字化有着很强的意识…。因此可知,现在的孩子很擅长运用数字化设备。故选C. 59.D【精析】细节题。根据第三段最后两句可知,有些服务机构会让营地发一些消息和图片来让家人觉得他们好像也在营地里和孩子们在一起。但是这也会引起一些问题比如:为什么约翰看起来很伤心或者詹妮的裤子怎么破了。这会让父母们更加担心。故选D.
60.B【精析】推断题。根据最后一段我们知道,很多父母把孩子们送去露营,但是并不是很放心,然而露营机构却认为父母们应该对孩子们放手,让孩子们学会独立。故选B.