帖子主题: 2014年9月全国英语等级考试三级真题答案解析:英语知识运用  

论坛级别: 黄金会员
学术等级: 兼职
发帖:3439
经验:6962
鲜花:17
勋章:2
离线
发表于:Mon Jul 18 14:57:10 CST 2016
Directions:
Read the following text. Choose the best word or phrase for each numbered blank and mark A, B,C, or D on your ANSWER SHEET.
Folk toys are those whose designs have passed down through the generations, made by hand and not in factories. 26 manufactured toys, they are not protected by copyrights or patents,27 have they been standardized by machine production. Early folk toys were made of natural materials28 wood, cloth, metal, earth, and29 found materials. Wood was often used 30 it was available, easily worked, and required no painting. Toys were considered unimpor- tant, so31 was written about them. A parent made toys for a child, or children themselves made toys. The toys often were 32 made and used action movements. Traditionally, fathers and boys have been most interested in33 toys, while mothers and girls have34dolls and needlework.
Folk toys include action toys, models, games, puzzles, and dolls. This basic35 can be enlarged to include skill toys, balance toys, flying toys, shooting toys, 36incorporating music or noise, and animated toys. The37 name is lost in history, and the descriptive names given to the toys38. Typical names include Bullroarer, Jacob' s Ladder, and Limber Jack.
Early settlers of the Appalachian region mostly came from Germany, England, Scotland, and Ireland, 39 knowledge of folk toys from their home countries. The designs often were40 in the process of handing them41, so now there are many variations.
The making of homemade toys decreased in42 of prosperity, when people could43 manufactured toys. Recently there is a new44 for the mountain folk toy heritage, 45 And handcrafted toys are sometimes bought in preference to manufactured toys.
26. A. Without B. Unlike C. Despite D. Besides
27. A. so B. or C. nor D. as
28. A. including B. given C. among D. within
29. A. another B. other C. such D. some
30. A. until B. while C. lest D. because
31. A. few B. something C. little D. all
32. A. cleverly B. massively C. uniformly D. publicly
33. A. action B. cloth C. manufactured D. patented
34. A. provided B. found C. created D. favored
35. A. list B. role C. feature D. goal
36. A. that B. these C. those D. which
37. A. advocator's B. creator's C. owner's D. seller's
38. A. change B. switch C. shift D. vary
39. A. holding B. taking C. carrying D. bringing
40. A. discarded B. modified C. reduced D. minimized
41. A. around B. over C. down D. out
42. A. place B. hopes C. favor D. times
43. A. copy B. claim C. buy D. carry
44. A. appreciation B. suggestion C. explanation D. identity
45. A. anyway B. however C. instead D. too
 

 成功不在难易,而在于是否采取行动。
论坛级别: 学员
学术等级: 兼职
发帖:44
经验:81
鲜花:0
勋章:0
离线
发表于:2016-07-18 14:59:06
参考译文
民间玩具是指其设计一代代传承下来,由手工而不是工厂制作而成的玩具。与工厂生产出的产品不同的是,它们既不受版权和专利的保护,也不是机械生产出的标准化产品。早期的间玩具都是由一些天然的材料制成,这些材料包括木头、布、金属、泥土以及其他能找到的材料。
因为木头很多、容易制作而且不需涂色,所以人们常常使用木头制作玩具。这些玩具通常被认为无足轻重,所以关于它们的记载很少:父母为孩子制作玩具,孩子们自己也制作玩具。这些玩具常常制作得非常巧妙,并且还可以活动。通常爸爸们和男孩子们最喜欢的是可活动玩具,然而妈妈们和女孩子们则更偏爱玩偶和女红。民间玩具包括可活动玩具、模型、竞赛类玩具、智力玩具以及玩偶。这些玩具种类丰富,包括技能玩具、平衡玩具、飞行玩具、射击玩具、伴有音乐或噪音的玩具以及动画玩具。在历史长河中,制作者的姓名早已不得而知,关于玩具的描述性的名称也各不相同。代表性的名字包括吼板、天梯以及木头人玩偶。阿巴拉契亚山脉地区的早期定居者主要来自于德国、英格兰、苏格兰以及爱尔兰,他们从家乡也带来了许多民间玩具的制作工艺。这些工艺在一代代传承的过程中有许多的修改,因此现在与过去也有很大的不同。在繁荣时期,自制玩具会有所减少,因为人们有能力购买工厂制作而成的玩具。然而最近人们对于山区民间玩具遗产又有了一种新的认识。与工厂制作而成的玩具相比,人们更愿意购买手工制成的玩具。
26.B【精析】本题考查介词词义辨析。without没有;unlike不像;de—spite尽管;besides此外。此处是说不像工厂生产出的产品,所以只有unlike符合题意,故选B. 27.C【精析】本题考查上下文语义的衔接。So因此;or或者;nor-tlz不;as当…时。根据文意,此处需要否定倒装,表示也不是机械生产出的标准化产品。所以只有答案nor符合题意,故选C.
28.A【精析】本题考查介词词义辨析。这里是说这些材料包括木头、布、金属、泥土以及其他能找到的材料,因此只有including符合2014年9月笔试真卷参考答案及精析第4页(共12页)题意,故选A.
29.B【精析】本题考查形容词词义辨析。其他材料要用0ther,其他选项均不符合题意,故选B.
30.D【精析】本题考查上下文语义的衔接。人们常常使用木头制作玩具是因为木头容易获得、制作等特点,故选D.
31.A【精析】本题考查上下文语义的衔接。前面说玩具通常被认为无足轻重,因此此处应该是说关于它们的记载很少。此处记载应该是可数的,只能用few修饰,故选A. 32.A【精析】本题考查副词词义辨析。此处是说这些玩具常常制作得非常巧妙。cleverly巧妙地;massively大量地;uniformly统一地;publicly公开地。故选A.
33.A【精析】本题考查词义辨析。通常男孩子们最喜欢的是可活动玩具。action动作;cloth布;manufactured生产的;patented专利的。故选A.
34.D【精析】本题考查动词词义辨析。然而妈妈和女孩子们则更偏爱玩偶和女红。provide提供;find找到;creat生产,制造;favor偏爱。故选D.
35.A【精析】本题考查名词词义辨析。此处是说“这些玩具种类丰富,包括…”,纵观四个选项,只有list有“列表,清单”的意思,故选A.
36.C【精析】本题考查代词的用法。句意为:那些配有音乐或噪音的玩具。四个选项中,只有those符合题意,故选C.
37.B【精析】本题考查名词词义辨析。advocator拥护者;creator制作者;owner主人;seller销售者。此处意为:制作者的姓名早已不得而知。四个选项中,只有creator符合题意,故选B.
38.D【精析】本题考查动词词义辨析。关于玩具的描述性的名称也各不相同。四令选项中,只有vary符合题意,故选D.
39.D【精析】本题考查动词词义辨析。这里是说他们从家乡也带来了许多民间玩具的制作工艺,四个选项中,只有bringin9最恰当,故选D.
40.B【精析】本题考查动词词义辨析。discard抛弃;modify修改;reduce减少;minimize最小化。这里是说这些工艺在一代代传承的过程中有许多的修改,四个选项中,只有B选项合适,故选B.
41.C【精析】本题考查固定搭配。hand down是固定搭配,把…传下去。故选C.
42.D【精析】本题考查固定搭配。in times of是固定搭配,在…的时候;在…的时期。故选D.
43.C【精析】本题考查动词词义辨析。copy复制;claim声称;buy购买;carry携带。根据题意:因为人们有能力购买工厂制作而成的玩具,所以这里应该选buy,故选C.
44.A 【精析】本题考查名词词义辨析。appreciation理解,认识;suggestion暗示,建议;explanation解释;identity身份。根据题意:最近对于山区民间玩具遗产又有了一种新的认识。故选A.
45.B【精析】本题考查上下文语义的衔接。此处意为:然而最近对于山区民间玩具遗产又有了一种新的认识。所以只能选however,其他选项均不符合题意,故选B.
快速回复主题

2014年9月全国英语等级考试三级真题答案解析:英语知识运用


  您尚未登录,发表回复前请先登录,或者注册
  Ctrl+Enter直接发表