SECTION 11 Use of English
( 15 minutes)
Read the following text. Choose the best word or phrase for each numbered blank and mark A, B,C, or D on your ANSWER SHEET.
It is an unfortunate fact of today's life that most people are growing up unable to see the stars.
The prime night sky exists only 26pictures. This is true not only in cities and suburbs, but al-so in 27areas. We have lost our view of the stars and 28our nighttime environment as well.
Such a loss29be acceptable if light pollution were the inevitable price of progress, 30it is not. Most sky glow is 31 . It comes mainly from lighting sources that do little to increase32 safety, security or utility. They produce only glare,33over one billion dollars annually in the U.S. alone.
34science, the impact has been even more dramatic. Scientists require observations of extremely faint objects that can only be 35 with advanced devices at sites 36of air pollu-tion and urban sky glow. For example, some images of the objects can 37information about faraway comers of the universe, helping us understand the way in 38our world was actually formed.39 , the light from these objects can be lost at the very end of its 40 in the glare of our own sky.
Reducing light pollution is not difficult. It 41that public officials and citizens be 42of the problem and act to counter it. As 43people can help reduce sky glow just by 44 lighting only when necessary.
The stars above us are a 45heritage. We must do our best to preserve it.
26. A. on B. from C. in D. at "
27. A. local B. rural C. industrial D. scenic
28. A. mined B. reduced C. dirtied D. wasted
29. A. should B. may C. might D. will
30. A. but B. as C. because D. though
31. A. inadequate B. invisible C. unpredictable D. unnecessary
32. A. nighttime B. lifetime C. peacetime D. longtime
33. A. costing B. making C. putting D. raising
34. A. At B. From C. For D. Over
35. A. accepted B. made C. pushed D. sent
36. A. worthy B. typical C. critical D. free
37. A. collect B. offer C. share D. save
38. A. that B. what C. when D. which
39. A. Besides B. Instead C. Therefore D. Yet
40. A. march B. visit C.journey D. flight
41. A. indicates B. proves C. requires D. shows
42. A. ashamed B. aware C. independent D. tired
43. A. individuals B. natives C. residents D. victims
44. A. fixing B. providing C. taking D. using
45. A. cosfless
B. priceless C. valueless D. worthless
35.B 【精析】本题考查动词搭配。此处的动词是跟前面的observations搭配的,只有make符合,故选B.
38.D【精析】本题考查定语从句的引导词。此引导词要修饰先行词way,前面又有in搭配,应为in which表示一种方式,故选D.
42.B【精析】本题考查固定搭配。此处意为官员和公民要意识到光污染的问题。be aware of“意识到”,故选B.
45.B 【精析】本题考查形容词词义辨析。costless“不花钱的”;value—less“不值钱的”;worthless“无用的”;priceless“无价的”。由下句“我们必须尽我们所能去保护它”可知,此处意为无价的文明遗产,故选B.