帖子主题: 2004年职称英语等级考试试题、答案及题解卫生类(A级)试题  

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第1部分:词汇选项 (第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)

   下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语画有底横线,请从每个句子后面


   所给的4个选项中选择1个与画线部分意义最相近的词或短语。请将答案涂在答题卡相应


   的位置上。


   1 The dentist has decided to extract her bad tooth.


   A take out B break off


   C push in D dig up


   2 The economy continued to.exhibit signs of decline in September


   A play B show


   C send D tell


   3 This table is strong and.durab1e.


   A long-lasting B extensive


   C far-reaching D eternal


   4 He endured great pain before he finally expired.


   A fired B resigned


   C died D retreated


   5 The girl is gazing at herself in the mirror.


   A smiling B laughing


   C shouting D staring


   6 The index is the government’s chief gauge of future economic activity


   A measure B opinion


   C method D decision


   7 It’s sensible to start any exercise program gradually at first


   A workable B reasonable


   C possible D available


   8 A lot of people could fall ill after drinking contaminated water.


   A boiled B polluted


   C mixed D sweetened ‘


   9 You have to be patient if you want to sustain your position.


   A maintain B better


   C acquire D support


   10 She stood there,trembling with fear.


   A jumping B crying


   C moving D shaking


   11 Medical facilities are being upgraded.


   A expanded B repaired


   C improved D transferred


   12 Rock climbing is hazardous.


   A interesting B dangerous


   C attractive D useful


   13 John is eligible for this job.


   A accepted B qualified


   C rejected D recommended


   14 In order to improve our standard of living,we have to accelerate production:


   A involve B decrease


   C speed up D give up


   15 Mary look pale and weary.


   A worried B ugly


   C silly D exhausted


   第二部分:阅读理解(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)


   阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内答对每个句11双l出判断。


   如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是锋误信息,请在


   答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑。


   troubles did not end after the operation for two weeks.Her eyes were swollen(肿胀的)and


   almost completely closed,and even dark glasses could not hide the side effects of the operation.


   Liposuction,taking fat out of the body, is probably the most popular cosmetic operation in


   the United States.It seems simple enough.First.a small cut is made over the place where the


   patient wants the fat removed.Next,a small pipe is put into the cut.A machine like a vacuum


   cleaner is then used to suck the fat out of the body.However, as one doctor explained,some


   problems call happen after the operation.He warned, 'Irregular lumps and loose skin can reset


   from this operation.If it is not evenly done.1iposuction Can produce a very lumpy result.”


   Patients often must have more liposuction to correct the problem.


   16 Cosmetic surgery is more popular in the US than anywhere else.


   A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned


   17 The way a man looks has little to do with the job opportunities he may have.


   A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned


   18 There are hardly any risks involved in cosmetic operations.


   A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned


   19 The young woman was by no means satisfied with the eye operation.


   A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned


   20 The eye operation was such a failure that the woman refused to pay for it.


   A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned


   21 Not everyone is a good candidate for liposuction.


   A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned


   22 Sometimes liposuction patients may have to undergo more than one operation.


   A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
 
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第3部分:概括大意与完成句子 (第23"-30题,每题1分,共8分)
   阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23--~26题要求从所给的6个选

   项中为第2"--5段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第27---30题要求从所给的6个选项中

   选择4个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
Stanford University
   1 Stanford University is sometimes called“the Harvard of the West.”The closeness of

   Stanford to San Francisco,a city thirty-two miles to the north,gives the university a decidedly

   cosmopolitan(世界性的)flavor.

   2 The students are enrolled mainly from the western United States.But most of the fifty states

   send students to Stanford,and many foreign student study here,as well.And standards for

   admission remain high.Young men and women are selected to enter the university from the

   upper fifteen percent of their high school classes.

   3 Not only because of the high caliber(素质)of its students but also because of the desirable

   location and climate.Stanford has attracted to its faculty some of the world’s most respected

   scholars.The university staff has included many Nobel Prize winners in various fields.

   Stanford’s undergraduate school of engineering and its graduate schools of business.1aw,and

   medicine are especially well-regarded.

   4 What is student life like on “The Farm”? Culturally, the campus is a magnet for both

   students and citizens of nearby communities.Plays,concerts,and operas are performed in the

   university’s several auditoriums and in its Outdoor t11eater,where graduations are also held.

   Several film series are presented during the school year.Guest lecturers from public and

   academic life frequently appear on campus.For the sports.minded,the Stanford campus offers

   highly developed athletic facilities.Team sports,swimming,and track and field activity are all

   very much part of the Stanford picture.So are bicycling and jogging.

   5 In addition to financial support from alumni(校友),Stanford receives grants from the

   government and from private charities.In recent years,government grants have made.possible

   advanced studies in the fields of history, psychology, education,and atomic energy.At present

   Stanford is carrying out all ambitious building program,financed in part by the Ford

   Foundation’s 25 million grant.Recently added to the campus ale a new physics building.new

   school of business,new graduate school of law, new student union,and undergraduate 1ibrary.

   23 Paragraph2

   24 Paragraph 3

   25 Paragraph 4

   26 Paragraph 5

   A Colorful Life on Campus

   B Intelligent Student Body

   C Excellent Administration

   D Distinguished Faculty

   E Substantial Financial Support

   F Rich European Flavor

   27 Stanford University attracts students from

   28 The faculty of the university boasts some of the world’s

   29 The university offers a rich variety of

   30 The development of the university relies to a certain extent on

   第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3, 分,共45分)

   下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请根据文章的内容,

   从每题所给的4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

   第一篇
Crystal Ear
   One day a friend asked my wife Jill if 1 wanted a hearing aid.“'He certainly does,”replied

   Jill..After hearing about a remarkable new product,Jill finally got up me nerve to ask me if I’d

   ever thought about getting a hearing aid.“No way.”I said.“It would make me look 20 years

   older.’“No。no,”she replied.“This is entirely different.It’s Crystal Ear!”

   Jill was right.Crystal Ear is different--not the old-styled body worn or over--the—ear aid,but

   an advanced personal sound system so small that it’s like contacts(隐形眼镜)for your ears.And

   Crystal Ear is super.sensitive and powerful,too.You will hear sounds your ears have been

   missing for years.Crystal Ear will make speech louder。and the sound is pure and natural.

   I couldn’t believe how tiny it is.It is smaller than the tip of my little finger and it’s almost

   invisible when worn.There are no wires,no behind—the-ear device.Put it in your ear and 1ts

   ready—to.wear mold(形状)fits comfortably.Since it’s not too loud or too fight,you may even

   forget that you’re wearing it! Use it at work or at play.And if your hearing problem IS worse in

   certain situations,use Crystal Ear only when you need it.

   Hearing loss,which occurs typically prior to teenage years,progresses throughout one’s

   1ifetime.Although hearing loss is now the world’s number one health problem,nearly 90 percent

   of people suffering hearing loss choose to leave the problem untreated.For many millions,

   treating hearing loss in a conventional way can involve numerous office visits,expensive testing

   and adjustments to fit your ear.Thanks to Crystal Ear,the“sound solution”is now convenient.

   Almost 90 percent of people with mild hearing 10SS,and millions more with just a 1ittle hearing

   drop.off(下降),can be dramatically helped with Crystal Ear.Moreover, its superior design is

   energy.efficient,so batteries can last months.Crystal Ear is now available to help these people

   treat their hearing 10SS with a small.hearing amplifier(放大器).

   31 Initially the writer did not want to buy a hearing aid because

   A it would make him look old.

   B It would make him nervous.

   C it was too expensive. ’

   D it was old—styled.

   32 Which of the following is NOT true of Crystal Ear?

   A It is highly sensitive.

   B It is powerful.

   C It is invisible.

   D It is wireless.

   33 One special feature of Crystal Ear is that

   A you can control its volume.

   B you needn’t take it off everyday.

   C it is solar-powered.

   D it saves power.

   34 According to the passage,hearing loss is

   A only a minor health problem.

   B the world’s most common health problem

   C merely,a teenage disease.

   D an incurable disease.

   35 Many people leave their hearing problem untreated.because

   A it is not serious.

   B Crystal Ear is not yet available.

   C it is not easy to have it treated.

   D they don’t want to look old.

   第二篇

   New U.S.Plan for Disease Prevention

   Urging Americans to take responsibility for their health,Health and Human Services

   Secretary Tommy Thompson on Tuesday launched a$1 5 million program to try to encourage

   communities to do more to prevent chronic diseases like heart disease,cancer and diabetes (糖尿病)。

   The initiative highlights the COSTS of chronic diseases—the leading causes of death in the

   United States--and outlines ways that people can prevent them,including better diet and

   increased exercise.

   “In the United States today,7 of 1 0 deaths and the vast majority of serious illness,disability

   and health care costs are caused by chronic diseases,”the Health and Human Services

   department said in a statement.

   The causes are often behavioral--smoking,poor eating habits and a lack of exercise.

   “I am convinced that preventing disease by promoting better health is a smart policy choice

   for our future.”Thompson told a conference held to launch the initiative.

   ‘‘Our current health care system is not structured to deal with the rising costs of treating

   diseases that are largely preventable through changes in our lifestyle choices.”

   Thompson said heart disease and strokes will cost the country more than$35 1 billion in

   2003.

   “These leading causes of death for men and women are largely preventable,yet we as a

   nation are not taking the steps necessary for US to lead healthier, longer lives,”he said.

   The$1 5 million is designed to go to communities to promote prevention,pushing for

   changes as simple as building sidewalks to encourage people to walk more.

   Daily exercise such as walking can prevent and even reverse heart disease and diabetes,and

   prevent cancer and strokes.

   The money will also go to community organizations,clinics and nutritionists who are being

   encouraged to work together to educate people at risk of diabetes about what they card do to

   prevent it and encourage more cancer screening.

   The American Cancer Society estimates that half of all cancers Can be caught by screening,

   including Pap tests(巴氏试验)for cervical(子宫颈的)cancer mammograms(乳房X线照片)

   for breast cancer, colonoscopies (结肠镜检查),and prostate(前列腺的)checks.

   If such cancers were all caught by early screening,the group estimates that the survival rate

   for cancer would rise to 95 percent.

   36 Which of the following is NOT true of chronic diseases in the US?

   A They account for 70%of all deaths.

   B They are responsible for most of the health care costs.

   C They often result in unhealthy lifestyles.

   D They are largely preventable.

   37 The author mentions all the following ways of disease prevention EXCEPT

   A better diet.

   B increased exercise.

   C less smoking.

   D more frequent hand washing.

   38 The passage indicates that spending more money on disease prevention will mean

   A greater responsibility of the government.

   B less need for input、into treatment.

   C higher costs of health care.

   D more lifestyle choices for people.

   39 The purpose of the,S15 million program is to

   A promote disease prevention.

   B build more highways.

   C help poor communities.

   D wipe out chronic diseases.

   40 Early cancer screening Can help reduce significantly

   A the death rates for a11 chronic diseases.

   B the kinds of cancer attacking people.

   C the incidence rate for cancer.

   D the death rate for cancer. ”
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第三篇The Body Thieves
   In the early nineteenth century in Britain,many improvements were being made in the

   world of medicine.Doctors and Surgeons were becoming more knowledgeable about the human

   body.Illnesses that had been fatal a few years before were now curable.However, Surgeons had

   one problem.They needed dead bodies to cut up,or dissect(解剖).This was the only way that

   they could learn about the flesh and bones inside the body。and the only way to teach new

   surgeons to carry out operations. 、

   The job of finding these dead bodies was carried out by an unpleasant group of people

   called“body snatchers'’.They went into graveyards(墓地)at night and,using wooden shovels

   to make less noise。dug up any recently buried bodies.Then they took the bodies to the medical

   schools and sold them.A body could be sold for between£5 and~10,which was a lot of money

   at that time.The doctors who paid the body snatchers had all agreement with t}them—they never

   asked any questions.They did not desire to know where the bodies came from,as long as they

   kept arriving.

   The most famous of these body snatchers were two men from Edinburgh called William

   Burke and William Hare.Burke and Hare were different because they did not just dig Up bodies

   from graveyards.They got greedy and thought of all easier way to find bodies.Instead of

   digging them up,they killed the poorer guests in Hare’s small hotel.Dr.Knox,the respected

   surgeon they worked for, never asked why all the bodies they brought him had been strangled

   (勒死). 一

   For many years Burke and Hare were not caught because,unsurprisingly, the bodies of their

   victims were never found by the police.They were eventually arrested and put on trial in 1 829.

   The judge showed mercy to Hare and he was released but Burke Was found guilty and his

   punishment was to be hanged.Appropriately, his body Was given to the medical school and he

   ended up on the dissecting table,just like his victims.In one small way,.justice was done.

   Now,over 150 years later, surgeons do not need the help of criminals to learn their skills.

   However,the science of surgery could not have developed without their rather gruesome(令人

   毛骨悚然的) help.

   41 The problem facing British surgeons in the early 19thcenturywasthat

   A some illnesses remained incurable.

   B few people were willing to work as surgeons.

   C medical expenses were too high.

   D dead bodies were not easily available.

   42 The body snatchers used wooden shovels because

   A they did not wish to spoil the dead bodies.

   B they wanted to keep the bodies to themselves

   C they were afraid of being caught.

   D they were careful not to disturb anyone.

   43 Burk and Hare differed from other body snatchers in that

   A they got other people to dig up bodies for them.

   B they sold the bodies only to one surgeon.

   C they dug up bodies not just from graveyards.

   D they resorted to murder to get bodies.

   44 The bodies of Burke’s and Hare’s victims couldn’t be found by the police because

   A they had been stolen.

   B they had been strangled.

   C they had been dissected.

   D they had been buried.

   45 The body thieves contributed in their gruesome way to

   A medical advancement.

   B,legal progress.

   C social stability.

   D material wealth.

   第5部分:补全短文 (第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)

   阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后面有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择

   5组文字,将其分别放回文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位

   置上。
The Dangers of Secondhand Smoke
   Most people know that cigarette smoking is harmful to their health.Scientific research

   shows that it causes many kinds of diseases.In fact,many people who smoke get lung cancel

   However, Edward Gilson has lung cancer, and he has never smoked cigarettes.He lives with his

   wife,Evelyn,who has smoked about a pack of cigarettes a day throughout their marriage.

   (46)

   No one knows for sure why Mr.Gilson has lung cancer.Nevertheless,doctors believe that

   secondhand smoke may cause lung cancer in people who do not smoke because nonsmokers

   often breathe in the smoke. from other people’s cigarettes. (47)The US

   Environmental Protection Agency reports that about 53,000 people die in the United States each

   year as a result of exposure to secondhand smoke.

   The smoke that comes from a lit cigarette contains many different poisonous chemicals.In

   the past.scientists did not也ink that these chemicals could harm a nonsmoker’s health.

   (48)They discovered that even nonsmokers had unhealthy amounts of these toxic

   (有毒的)chemicals in their bodies.As a matter of fact,almost all of US breathe tobacco smoke at

   times,whether we realize it or not.For example,we cannot avoid secondhand smoke in

   restaurants,hotels and other public places.Even though many public places have nonsmoking

   areas,smoke flows in from the areas where smoking is permitted.

   It iS even harder for children to avoid secondhand smoke. (49)Research shows

   that children who are exposed to secondhand smoke are sick more often than children who live

   in homes where no one smokes and that the children of smokers are more than twice as likely to

   develop lung cancer when they are adults as are children of nonsmokers.The risk is even higher

   for children who live in homes where both parents smoke.

   People are becoming very aware of the dangers of secondhand smoke. (50)

   A Recently,though,scientists changed their opinion after they studied a large group of

   nonsmokers.

   B The Gilsons have been married for 35 years.

   C 111is smoke is called secondhand smoke.

   D However, secondhand smoke is dangerous to all people,old or young.

   E As a result,they have passed laws which prohibit people from smoking in many public

   places. .

   F In the United States,nine million children under the age of five live in homes with at least

   one smoker.

   第6部分:完形填空 (第51"-~65题,每题1分,共15分)

   阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容

   从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

   Can Loud Music Cause Hearing Impairment(损伤)?

   Have You ever gone to a concert and realized that your seats were right next to the booming

   speakers? Are you guilty——(51).turning up the volume on your portable cassette or

   CD player to drown out the whining(哭哭啼啼)of your little brother? Sometimes it’s difficult

   to avoid loud music or noises,but they can be bad news because loud noises can

   (52)temporary or permanent hearing loss.

   Extremely loud music and noises that go on for long periods of (53) are

   common causes of deafness.If a noise is so loud that you have to shout to make yourself

   (54),there is a (55)that the mechanism inside your ear can be injured

   Temporary hearing loss can happen after you’ve been (56)to loud noise for

   only 15 minutes.If you have temporary hearing loss.you won’t be able to hear as

   (57) as you normally can,and you may have tinnitus (耳鸣),which is a fancy word for ringing in

   the ears.Your ears call feel“full”,too (58) these things usually go away and your hearing soon returns to normal.

   Permanent hearing loss can happen when,someone is exposed to loud noise

   (59)and over.Construction workers and people who work in factories must

   60)ear protectors because the equipment they use can be extremely loud.But even

   some lawn mowers(割草机)and power tools can permanently (61) a person’s

   ability to hear high-pitched noises and can also give him permanent tinnitus.Listening to

   extremely loud music over and over call also have the same effect on a person’s

   (62).And using headphones on a portable cassette or CD player can be dangerous

   (63)if the volume is too high and the headphones are used a lot,the noise can damage the ears.

   The best way to avoid hearing loss is to wear eat protectors when working with machinery

   and earplugs when going to a——(64).Headphones are OK to

   wear when you’re

   listening to music;just be sure the volume isn’t too high,and give them a rest

   once in a while.

   51 A of B for C at D on—

   52 A have B take C cause D tap

   53 A course B length C state D time

   54 A heard B appreciated C tracked D welcomed

   55 A luck B point C chance D sense

   56 A exposed B expressed C carried D reflected

   57 A good B well C regularly D stable

   58 A Unfortunately B Accordingly C Luckily D Unexpectedly

   59 A over B once C again D away

   60 A hear B bear C wear D tear

   61 A affect B effect C enforce D present

   62 A scope B attitude C survey D hearing

   63 A whereas B although C because D unless

   64 A concert B factory C meting D mall

   65 A each B every C all D for
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发表于:2005-11-11 17:22:00
2004年职称英语等级考试
   卫生类(A级)答案

   满分100分,其中:

   1—15每题1分:

   16—30每题1分;

   31—45每题3分;

   46—50每题2分;

   5l一65每题1分。

   1 A 2 B 3 A 4.C 5.D 6.A 7.B 8.B 9.A

   10 D 11.C 12.B 13.B 14.C 15.D 16.C 17.D 18.B

   19 A 20 C 21 C 22 A 20. 22.A 23.B 24.D 25.A

   26 E 27.B 28.C 29.E 30 F 31.A 32.C 33.D 34 B

   35.C 36.C 37.D 38.B 39 A 40.D 41.D 42.C 43.D

   44 C 45.A 46. 47 C 48 A 49 F 50 E 51 A 52.C

   53 D 54.A 56.A 57.B 58.C 59 A 60 C 61.A 62.D

   63.C 64.A 65 B

   2004年职称英语等级考试题解 卫生类(A级)

   第—部分:阅读判断

   1. 答案为A。 extract atooth是“拔牙”的意思,在四个选项中只有take out可以替代。

   2. 答案为B。 句子的意思是“九月份经济继续呈现衰退的迹象”,和exhibit同义的 只有show。是最佳答案。

   3. 答案为A。durable:耐用的,long.1asting:持久的。画线词与选项A意思相同,可 互换,故A为正确答案。

   4. 答案为c。 expire的意思是“断气”,即“死了”,与选项C意思相同,故c为答案。

   5. 答案为D。 gaze的意思是“长时间盯看……”,与选项D意思相同,所以D为答案。

   6. 答案为A。 gauge的意思是“估计,精确测量”。选项A(measure)的意思是“测量”,与画线词意思相近,故A为答案。

   7. 答案为B。 sensible的意思是“明智的”,与选项B(reasonable)意思相同j,所以选B。

   8. 答案为B。 contaminated在这里是形容词,意思是“被污染的,弄脏的”,选项B (·polluted)的意思也是“被污染的”,两者意思相同,故选B。

   9. 答案为A。 sustain在这里的意思是“继续保持”,与动词maintain意思相同。sustain one's position的意思是“继续保持自己的职位”。

   10.答案为D。 题句的意思是,他站在那儿,害怕地发抖。tremble是“战栗,颤抖”的意思,与选项D意思相同,故选D。

   11.答案为C。 题句的意思是:医疗设备正在更新。upgrade的意思是“升级,更新”, 与improve(改善)意思相近,故C为正确答案。

   12.答案为B。hazardous的意思是“危险的”,与dangerous意思相同,故B为正确答案。 13.答案为B。 eligible的意思是“合格的,有资格当选的”,与选项B意思相同,故B为 答案。

   14.答案为C。 accelerate的意思是“加速”,与speed up意思相同,故选C。

   15.答案为D。 本句的意思是:Mary看上去面色苍白,浑身无力。weary的意思是“疲倦的,萎靡的”,与exhausted意思相近,故选D。

   第二部分:阅读判断

   16 C 文章第一旬只是提到,整容手术在美国越来越走俏,但并没有与其他国家进行比 较,因此推断不出整容手术在美国比在其他国家更流行。

   17 B 文章第二旬提到,不少男女视整容手术为保持年轻和岗位竞争力的一种手段,因 此说一个人的容貌与其工作机遇没什么关系是错误的。 、

   18 B 文章第一段的最后一句话讲到,这些手术并非没有危险,因此说整容手术没有什 么危险是错误的。

   19 A 从文章第二段的第二句以及接下来的句子可以判断年轻女子对手术非常不满 意。

   20 C 文章第二段只是讲了该女子为何对手术十分不满意,但并没有提及她是否因此而拒绝付费一事。

   2l C 文章最后一段只是讲了抽脂术的步骤和可能发生的问题,但并没有提及适应对象问题。

   22 A 从文章的最后一句不难选择正确的答案。

   第三部分:概括大意与完成句子

   23 B 文章第二段主要讲的是良好的生源。从第三段第一句话的前半部分也不难看出第 二段的大意。

   24 D 文章第三段主要讲的是优秀的师资,其中不乏一些世界知名的学者和各个领域的诺贝尔奖获得者。

   25 A 文章第四段主要讲的是丰富多彩的校园生活。

   26 E 文章第五段主要讲的是来自政府和慈善机构的巨额经济资助。

   27 B 从文章第二段的头两句可以得知,国内外的学生都到此求学。

   28 C 从文章第三段的第一句话可以得知,学校师资中有着世界知名的学者。

   29 E 从文章的第四段可以得知,学校的文化活动丰富多彩。

   30 F 从文章的最后一段可以得知,学校的发展一定程度上依赖于来自外部的经济资 助。

   第四部分:阅读理解

   31 A 从文章第一段中的第三句话可以看出,作者的第一反应是戴助听器会使他看上去老许多。

   32 C 文章第三段中的第一句提到,“水晶耳”几乎看不见,但这并不等于看不见。

   33 D 从文章的倒数第二句可以得知,“水晶耳”的非凡设计使其十分节能。

   34 B 从文章最后一段第二旬的前半部分可以得知,失聪目前是世界头号健康问题。

   35 C 从文章最后一段可以得知,许多失聪患者有病不治的原因是该病治起来十分麻烦。

   36 C 从文章第二、四段可以得知,不健康的生活方式会导致慢性病的发生,而非相反。

   37 D 前三项在第四段中都有提及,只有最后一项文章始终没有提到。

   38 B 从文章中不难看出,在疾病预防方面多投入将意味着治疗疾病的投入相应可以减少。

   39 A 从文章第一、九段可以得知,”这笔钱的主要用途是疾病预防。

   40 D 从文章的最后一段可以得知,早期癌症普查将十分有助于提高癌症患者的存活 率,亦即降低癌症的死亡率。

   4l D 从文章第一段中的第四、五句可以得知,当时英国外科医生面临的问题是找不到足够的尸体用于解剖。

   42 C 从文章的第二段可以得知,这些盗尸者惟恐被人发现,.因此才使用木铲的。

   43 D 从文章第三段可以得知,这两个人不同于其他盗尸者之处在于他们采取谋杀方式 来获取尸体。 .

   44 C 警察之所以发现不了受害者的尸体是因为尸体卖掉后都被解剖了:

   45 A 从文章的最后一句可以看出,盗尸者以其独有的、尽管是令人毛骨悚然的方式促进了医学的进展。

   第五部分:补全短文

   46 B 前一句主要讲的是,Gilson与妻子Evelyn生活在一起,而Evelyn自打他们结婚 以来一直是差不多每天一包烟。接下来显然应选表示他们结婚年限的句子。

   47 C 前~旬提到,不吸烟者时常吸入他人香烟中冒出的烟,接下来应首选对此烟加以 定义的句子。

   48 A 前一句讲的是科学家们过去对二手烟的看法,接下来应选表示他们改变观点的句子,因为下一句表明他们所持的观点已与过去截然不同。

   49 F 前一句提到了儿童与二手烟的问题。接下来的句子自然仍然与儿童有关。

   50 E 前一句讲的是人们逐渐意识到二手烟的危害性,因此接下来应首选表示人们采取 措施,禁止公共场所吸烟的句子。

   第六部分:完形填空

   5l A “to be guilty of,’是固定搭配,表示“有……之过”的意思。

   52 C 根据上下文,此处应选表示“引起”之意的词语。

   53 D 表示“长时间”应用“longperiodsoftime”。

   54 A “只有高声喊叫才能”之后显然应选“被人听到”。

   55 C 句子要表达的意思是,如果只有高声喊叫才能被人听到,那么就有耳内机制受损的可能。

   56 A 要表达“暴露于”或者是“接受了”的意思,应选“exposed to"。

   57 B 要表达“听力不如原来好”,此处应选能修饰动词“hear"’而又表示“好”的副词。

   58 C 因为接下来讲的是:这些毛病通常会消失,而你的听力很快也会恢复正常,所以 这是件幸运之事。

   59 A “over and over”是固定搭配,表示“不断”的意思。

   60 C 根据上下文,此处应选表示“戴”之意的词语。全句的意思是:建筑工人和在工厂里工作的人们必须戴护耳器,因为他们所使用的设备会产生巨大的噪音。

   61 A 根据上下旬,此处应选表示“影响”之意的词语。全句的意思是:然而,即使是一些割草和电动工具也会对人听高音的能力产生永久性的影响,并且也有可能给他造 成永久性的耳鸣。 .

   62 D 前一句讲的是噪音对听力的影响。句子所讲的是反复收听高音量的音乐会对听力 产生同样的影响。

   63 C 空格所填的词连接着一个主句和一个从句,而从句表示的又是主句的原因,因此不难做出选择。

   64 A 文章最后一段是对前面所谈到内容的总结。前面分别提到了器械与音乐所产生的噪音,而此旬已经提及器械,因此接下来要选的应是与音乐有关的,即音乐会。

   65 B 文章最后一句的意思是:听音乐时戴耳机是可以的,只是一定要确保音量不要太 高,并且每过一段时间想着把耳机摘下来休息休息耳朵。“once i11 a while”是固定搭配,表示“偶尔,有时”的意思。
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2004年职称英语等级考试试题、答案及题解卫生类(A级)试题


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