帖子主题: 职称英语零起点:直接引语变间接引语  

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发表于:2015-09-02 09:12:55
直接引语变成间接引语时,从句时态无须改变的情况总结如下:
1)当主句的谓语动词是一般现在时的时候,如:
He always says, “I am tired out.”
——>He always says that he is tired out.
2)当主句的谓语动词是将来时的时候,如:
He will say, “I'll try my best to help you.”
——>He will say that he will try his best to help me.
3)当直接引语部分带有具体的过去时间状语时,如:
He said, “I went to college in 1994.”
——>He told us that he went to college in 1994.
4)当直接引语中有以when, while引导的从句,表示过去的时间时,如:
He said,“When I was a child, I usually played football after school.”
——>
He said that when he was a child, he usually played football after school.
5)当直接引语是客观真理或自然现象时,如:
Our teacher said to us, “Light travels faster than sound.”
——>Our teacher told us that light travels faster than sound.
6)当引语是谚语、格言时,如:
He said,“Practice makes perfect.”
——>He said that practice makes perfect.
7)当直接引语中有情态动词should, would, could, had better, would rather, might, must, ought to, used t-o, need时,如:
例如:
The doctor said, “You'd better drink plenty of water.”
——>The doctor said I'd better drink plenty of water.
He said, “She must be a teacher.”
——> He said that she must be a teacher.
He said, “She ought to have arrived her office by now.”
——>He said that she ought to have arrived her office by then.
The teacher said, “You needn't hand in your compositions today.”
——>The teacher said we needn't/didn't need to/didn't have to hand in our compositions.
She asked, “Must I take the medicine?”
——> She asked if she had to take the medicine.
〔注〕:此处用had to代替must更好
8)此外转述中的变化要因实际情况而定,不能机械照搬,如果当地转述,here不必改为there, 动词come不必改为go,如果当天转述yesterday, tomorrow, this afternoon等均不必改变。如:
Teacher: You may have the ball game this afternoon.
Student : What did the teacher say, Monitor?
Monitor: He said we might have the ball game this afternoon.
 
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发表于:2015-09-02 17:59:04
好资料

选择一种姿态,让自己不被替代!
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发表于:2015-09-06 08:35:56
语法需要多下功夫

 
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发表于:2015-09-07 08:08:43
语法是根基
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发表于:2015-09-07 08:17:02
好资料,

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职称英语零起点:直接引语变间接引语


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